Doctor Josef Mengele natal chart, pictures of josef mengele, biography  ·  May 29, 2023, 18:42 GMT
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Josef Mengele

Josef Mengele astrology chart He was born on March 16, 1911, at 11:45 am MET, in Gunzburg, Germany.

Josef Mengele natal chart

Josef Mengele biography Dr. Josef Mengele (March 16, 1911–February 7, 1979) was a Nazi doctor who performed experiments on prisoners in Auschwitz which were condemned as murderously sadistic and participated in the selections of people to be sent to the gas chambers.

Doctor Josef Mengele's nickname was Beppo; he also became known as the Angel of Death.

Josef Mengele was the eldest of three sons of Karl Mengele (1881–1959) and his wife Walburga (d.1946), well-to-do Bavarian industrialists. His younger brothers were Karl Mengele (1912–1949) and Alois Mengele (1914–1974). Josef Mengele studied medicine and anthropology at the University of Munich, the University of Vienna and the University of Bonn. At Munich he obtained a doctorate in Anthropology (Ph.D.) with a dissertation in 1935 on racial differences in the structure of the lower jaw, supervised by Prof. Theodor Mollison. After his exams he went to Frankfurt, working as an assistant to Otmar von Verschuer at the Frankfurt University Institute of Hereditary Biology and Racial Hygiene. In 1938 he obtained a doctorate in medicine with a dissertation on "Clan examinations at lip-jaw-palate-cleft."

In 1932, at the age of 21, Josef Mengele joined the Stahlhelm, Bund der Frontsoldaten (Steel Helmet, League of Front Soldiers); this organisation was incorporated into the SA in 1933, but Mengele resigned shortly thereafter, alluding to health-problems. He applied for Nazi party membership in 1937 and in 1938 he joined the SS. 1938–1939 he served six months with a specially trained mountain light-infantry regiment. In 1940 he was placed in the reserve medical corps, following which he served three years with a Waffen-SS unit. In 1942 he was wounded at the Russian front and was pronounced medically unfit for combat. Because he had acquitted himself brilliantly in the face of the enemy during the Eastern Campaign, he was promoted to the rank of SS-Hauptsturmführer (Captain). His next assignment was Auschwitz, where he replaced another doctor who had fallen ill. On May 24, 1943 he became medical officer of the so-called Gipsy Camp, a part of Auschwitz-Birkenau (see Auschwitz concentration camp). In August 1944, this camp was liquidated and all its inmates gassed. Subsequently Mengele became Chief Medical Officer of the main infirmary camp at Birkenau. He was not, though, the Chief Medical Officer of Auschwitz - superior to him was SS-Standortarzt (garrison physician) Eduard Wirths.

It was during his 21-month stay at Auschwitz that Dr. Mengele achieved infamy, gaining the nickname "Angel of Death." When rail-cars filled with prisoners arrived in Auschwitz II Birkenau, along with other doctors Mengele would frequently be waiting on the platform to select which of them would be retained for work and experimentation and which would be sent immediately to the gas chambers.

Of particular interest to Dr. Mengele were twins; beginning in 1943, twins were selected and placed in special barracks. Almost all of Mengele's experiments were of dubious scientific value, ignoring the lack of ethics involved, including attempts to change eye color by injecting chemicals into children's eyes, various amputations and other brutal surgeries, and in at least one case attempting to create an artificial "Siamese twin" by sewing the vein in two twins together; this operation was not successful and only caused the hands of the children to become badly infected. Subjects of Mengele's experiments were almost always murdered afterward for dissection, assuming they survived the experiment itself.

Doctor Josef Mengele left Auschwitz and went to Gross-Rosen concentration camp. In April 1945, he fled westward disguised as a member of the regular German infantry. He was captured as a POW and held near Nuremberg. He was released by the Allies, who had no idea that he was in their midst. After hiding as a farm laborer in Upper Bavaria, Mengele departed for Argentina in 1949, where many other fleeing Nazi officials had also sought refuge. Mengele divorced his wife Irene, and in 1958 married his brother Karl's widow, Martha, and she and her son moved to Argentina to join Mengele. Both returned to Europe only a few years later.

His family at home backed him financially and he prospered in the 1950s, first operating a toy-workshop and later was an associate in a small pharmaceutical enterprise. After this short period, however, Mengele lived rather poorly. In 1959 he went to Paraguay, since 1960 he lived in Brazil until his death in 1979, when he suffered a stroke while swimming in the ocean and drowned.

Despite international efforts to track him down, he was never apprehended and lived for 35 years hiding under various aliases. Adolf Eichmann's capture and trial by Israel prompted Mengele's fears and frequent movements, and the Mossad tracked him for a time, but Israel's efforts were directed towards normalizing relations with Paraguay and fighting enemies closer to home. He was not tracked down by Nazi hunters until 1985, when his body was found and identified after a combined effort of American, German and South American authorities. In 1992, DNA tests confirmed his identity.

Doctor Josef Mengele had been sentenced to lifelong imprisonment in absentia in the Doctors' Trial of the US-led Nuremberg Military Tribunals in Nuremberg.

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