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Month

Month - Astrology Encyclopedia

Definition of Month One of the twelve major subdivisions of the year. The names of the months are of great antiquity, and although they have in more than one sense lost their original significance, they continue to survive as a part of our common language. Originally they were intended to represent the twelve arcs of the Earth's annual revolution in orbit about the Sun, and thus were comparable to the arcs we now know as the Astrological or Astronomical Signs of the Zodiac. The original significance of the months is as follows:



January. A month of 31 days, the first in the Julian and Gregorian calendars. It was named after Janus, the ancient Roman deity who presided over gates and doors, hence all beginnings. He was represented with two faces, turned in opposite directions, to indicate how every ending is also a beginning. He was propitiated at the beginning of every important undertaking. Both A. B. Cook and J. G. Frazer identify Janus as Jupiter, and indicate that he looked both ways to give better protection to the house over which he stood guard. January 1st was made the beginning of the year in England with the statutory adoption of the Gregorian calendar in 1752, before which date the year began on March 25. Nevertheless, it was in the Temple of Janus that Saturn sought refuge in times of peace.



February. A month of 28 days, except when increased by one intercalary day on bissextile or leap years; the second month of the Julian and Gregorian calendars. It was not contained in the Romulian calendar, and was said to have been introduced in to the Roman calendar by Numa in 713 B.C., as the eleventh month. January and February were transposed by the decemvirs in 452 B.C., making it the twelfth month. The name was derived from Februare, to purify, from which came Februa, the festival of expiation, celebrated at the end of the month, during which the women were "purified" by the priests. By the Anglo-Saxons it was caged Sprout - Kale, as the cabbage-sprouting season. The two martyred Saints Valentine who died on the same day in the reign of Claudius, determined February 14th as St. Valentine's day, but the modern celebration of it as a lover's festival appears to be purely accidental.



March. A month of 31 days, the third in the Julian and Gregorian calendars, the first in the Roman calendar. It was named in honor of Mars, god of war, the reputed father of Romulus, who was traditionally believed to have compiled the first calendar. However, Ovid says the month existed before the time of Romulus. It was the beginning of the legal year in France until 1564, when by decree Charles IX made the year begin in January. Scotland followed this example in 1599, but in England it continued to begin in March until the 18th century. At that time the first three days, the "blind" or "borrowed" days, were deemed so unlucky that no English or Scottish farmer would sow seed on these days.



April. A month of 30 days, the fourth month of the Julian and Gregorian calendars; the second in the Roman calendar. Its etymology is commonly traced to the Latin aperire, "to open," as the season when the blossoms open their petals. The Roman months, however, were named after divinities, and as April was sacred to Venus and the Festum Veneris et Fortunae Virilis was celebrated on the first day, it is possible the month was originally Aphrilis, from Aphrodite - the Greek name for Venus. To the Anglo-Saxon it was the month of Easter, the pagan Saxon goddess of Spring, from which name is derived the modern Easter. April Fools' day as we know it seems to have originated at the time of the adoption of the Gregorian calendar. Prior thereto the celebration of the New Year began on March 25th, and ended April 1st with the general distribution of gifts. With the change of the New Year to January 1st, those who objected thereto made ostentatious presentations of mock gifts to those who under the influence of the church had advocated the adoption of the Gregorian reform.



May. A month of 31 days, the fifth of the Julian and Gregorian calendars, the third of the Roman calendar. It is said to have been named in honor of the goddess Maia, daughter of Atlas and mother of Mercury and Jupiter, to whom sacrifices were offered on the first day of this month. Probably, however, it was named in honor of the majors of the government - the senators; June honoring the juniors, or members of the lower house. The month was regarded a unlucky for marriages, owing to the celebration of the Lemuria, the festival of the unhappy dead, held on the 9th, 11th, and 13th. This is reflected in a proverb of unidentified origin - "Marry in May, you'll rue the day." May day, a people's holiday on which to go "a-Maying" in the woods, goes back to medieval and Tudor England. A huge maypole of cedar erected under the supervision of James II was taken down in 1717, and used by Sir Isaac Newton, as part of the support of a large telescope presented to the Royal Society by a French astronomer.



June. A month of 30 days, the sixth in the Julian and Gregorian calendars, the fourth in the Roman calendar. Ovid makes Juno state that the month was named in her honor, but elsewhere he contradicts this origin. Probably June was named after the junior assemblage of the government, and May after the senior assemblage of the Senate. Prior to the Julian reform of the calendar it had 29 days. To the Anglo-Saxons it was the "dry" month.



July. A month of 31 days, the seventh in the Julian and Gregorian calendars, the fifth in the Roman calendar. Originally called Quintilius, it was renamed by Mark Antony in honor of Julius Caesar, who was born in that month. Among the Anglo-Saxons it was known as "hay month," as the meadows were then in bloom. Dog days begin on July 30th, and St. Swithin's Day falls on July 15th.



August. A month of 31 days, the eighth in the Julian and Gregorian calendars, the sixth in the Roman calendar. Originally known as Sextilis, it was renamed by direction of Augustus Caesar, who refusing to be honored by a month of smaller size than that which in honor of Julius Caesar had been named July, ordered it increased to 31 days, taking the extra day from February. In Gallia and remote parts of the Empire it was known as Aust, meaning harvest.



September. A month of 30 days, the ninth in the Julian and Gregorian calendars; the seventh in the Roman calendar. The Ludi Magni, in honor of Jupiter, Juno and Minerva, was celebrated by the Romans on September 4th. In Charlemagne's calendar it was called the "harvest month," corresponding partly to the Fructidor and partly to the Vendemiaire of the First French Republic. The Anglo-Saxons called it the gerstmonath, or barley month, as the crop was usually harvested in this month. In Switzerland it is still known as the Herbstmonat.



October. A month of 31 days, the tenth in the Julian and Gregorian calendars, the eighth in the Roman calendar. The Equiria, when the Equus October was sacrificed to Mars in the Campus Martius, was celebrated on October 15th. Successive attempts were made to rename it Germanicus, Antoninus, Tacitus and Herculeus, but all failed, as did the effort of the Roman Senate to christen it Faustinus in honor of Faustina, wife of Antoninus. The Slavs called it "yellow month" from the fading leaves. To the Anglo-Saxons it was known as the Winter-fylleth (moon), since Winter was supposed to begin with the October Full Moon.



November. A month of 30 days, the eleventh in the Julian and Gregorian calendars, the ninth in the Roman calendar. The Roman winter began on November 11th, and was celebrated on the 13th by a sacred banquet in honor of Jupiter, the Epulum Jovis. The proposal of the Senate to name it Tiberius, was vetoed by the Emperor, with a question as to what they would propose when it came to the thirteenth Caesar. All Saints Day is the 1st, AH Souls Day, the 2nd, and St. Andrew's Day, the 30th.



December. (L. Decem, ten). A month of 31 days, the twelfth in the Julian and Gregorian calendars, the tenth in the Roman calendar. The Saturnalia, or feast of Saturn, was celebrated in this month. During the reign of Commodus it was temporarily styled Amazonius, in honor of his mistress whose portrait he had had painted as an Amazon. The Saxons called it the Winter month; also the Holy month, from the fact that Christmas fell within it.

MONTH. Sidereal, 27.3217 d.; Synodical, 29.5306 d.

(Nicholas deVore - Encyclopedia of Astrology)

The other dictionary entries:  

A

Accidental Ascendant · Accidental Dignity · Acronycal · Acronycal place · Active Influence · Adept · Adjusted Calculation Date · Line of Advantage · Affinity · Afflicted · Astrological Ages · Air Signs · Albedo · Almanac · Almuten · Altitude · Ambient · Anahibazon · Anareta, anaretic · Anaretic Point. Anaretic Place · Androgyne, androgynous · Angels · Angle · Angstrom · Angular · Angular Velocity · Anomaly · Anipathies · Antipathy · Antiscion · Antisedentia · Aphelion · Apheta · Aphorism · Apogee · Apparent Motion · Application · Appulse · Apsis · Aquarius · Arabian Points, or Parts · Arc · Arc of Vision · Ares · Aries · Armillary Sphere · Ascendant · Ascending · Ascension · Ascension, Signs of Long · Ascension, Signs of Short · Ascensional Difference · Aspect · Aspectarian · Asterism · Asteroids · Astral Body · Astral Light · Astral projection · Astrolabe · Astrology · Astromancy · Astrometeorology · Astronomical unit · Astronomos · Astronomy · Astrotheology · Aten · Athazer · Aura · Aurora Borealis, Northern Lights · Inclination of Axis · Axial rotation · Azimene · Azimuth

B

Baal · Tower of Babel · Babylon · Babylonian · Barren Signs · Beholding Signs · Bel · Belts of Jupiter · Benefic Aspects · Besieged · Bestial signs · Bicorporeal · Bi-Quintile · Birth Moment · Birth Stones · Bitter Signs · Blend · Brahmanaspati · Broken Signs · Brutish signs · Buddha

C

Cabala, Cabalism · Cacodemon · Cadent · Caduceus · Calendar · Cancer · Cappella · Capricorn · Caput Draconis · Cardinal Signs · Casting the Horoscope · Cataclysmic Planet · Catahibazon · Cauda Draconis · Cazimi · Celestial Sphere · Ceres · Chaldaeans · Chaldaean Oracle · Changeable Signs · Character · Character of Planets · Characteristics of the Signs · Chart · Chronocrators · Chronos · Circle · Circles of Position · Cities, Sign Rulership · Clairaudience · Clairsentience · Climacterical Conjunction · Climacterical Periods · Climate · Cold planets · Cold Signs · Collection of light · Colors · Combust · Comets · List of Periodic Comets · Comet 1925a · Collision with Earth · Commanding Signs · Common Signs · Conception · Conceptive Signs · Configuration · Conjunction: Conjoined to · Conjunction, Superior and Inferior · Constellations · Contact · Contra antiscions · Converse Directions · Coordinate · Copernican System · Corona · Correction · Co-signficator · Cosmecology: the ecology of the cosmic · Cosmic · Cosmic Conditioning · Cosmic Cross · Cosmic Philosophy, or Cosmism · Cosmic Psychology · Cosmical · Councillor Gods · Countries · Crepuscule · Crescent · Critical Days · Critical Degrees · Crooked Signs · Crucial Degrees · Culminating · Culmination · Culminator · Cusp · Cycle · Cycles · Jupiter Cycle · Pluto Cycles · Neptune Cycle · Uranus Cycle · Saturn Cycles · Cycles - Tabulated data

D

Day · Day House · Day of Week, to determine · Daylight Saving Time · Day Triplicity · Debility · Decade · Decanate, Decan · Decatom · Decile · Declination · Decreasing or Increasing in Light · Decumbiture · Deductive Type · Deferent · Degree · Degree Rising · Individual Degrees · Individual Degree Tables · Aries Individual Degrees · Taurus Individual Degrees · Gemini Individual Degrees · Cancer Individual Degrees · Leo Individual Degrees · Virgo Individual Degrees · Libra Individual Degrees · Scorpio Individual Degrees · Sagittarius Individual Degrees · Capricorn Individual Degrees · Aquarius Individual Degrees · Pisces Individual Degrees · Delineation · Depression · Descendant · Descending · Destiny · Detriment · Dexter · Dhanus · Dichotome, or Dicotome · Dignities, Debilities · Dignities and Debilities · Dionysian Period · Directions. Progressions · Dispositor · Dissociate Signs · Distance · Diurnal · Dog Days · Dog Stars · Domal Dignity · Dominical Letter · Doryphory · Double-bodied or Bicorporeal Signs · Dragon's Head. Dragon's Tail · Dumb Signs · Duration of Life · Dwa-da-shamsa · Dysis

E

Eagle · Earth Shine · Earth Signs · East · Easter · Eccentric · Eclipse · Eclipse of Thales · Ecliptic; Via Solis, the Sun's path · Ego · Elections · Electric planets · Elements · Elevation · Elevation of the Pole · Elevation by Latitude · Eleveation by House Position · Elongation · Embolismic Month · Emerge · Emotional Natures · Enneatical · Epact · Ephemeral Map · Ephemeral Motion · Ephemeris · Epicycle · Epoch · Signs of Equal Power · Equation of Time · Equator · Equinox · Equinoctial Signs · Era · Eros · Erratics · Esoteric · Essential Dignities · Eudemon · Exaltation · Executive Type · Exoteric · Externalize · Extra-sensory Perceptions

F

Face · Fall · False Angle; False Arc · Familiarity · Fate · Feminine Signs · Feral · Figure · Fire Signs · First point · Fixed Signs · Fixed Stars · Flexed · Fortified · Fortitude · Fortuna · Fortunate Signs · Fortunes · Four-footed Signs · Fourth Dimension · Free-Will · Friendly planets · Fruitful Signs · Frustration · Gabriel · Galactic Center · Galactic Latitude · Galaxy · Notes of the Gamut · Gemini · Gems · Genethliacal Astrology · Genethlialogy · Geniture · Geoarc · Geoarc Figure · Geocentric · Astrological Geomancy · Gibbous · Giver of Life · Gnomes · Golden Number · Arc of Gradial Transit · Grand Cross · Grand Trine · Gregorian Calendar · Guarded

H

Hayz · Hearing · Heart of the Sun · Heliacal Rising · Heliacal Setting · Heliarc · Heliarc Figure · Heliocentric · Heliocentric Astrology · Heliocentric Longitude and Latitude · Helios · Hemisphere · Hermaphrodite · Hermes · Hermetic · Herschel · Hexagon · Hindu Astrology · Home, Day or Night · Homodromi · Honors · Horary Astrology · Horary Circles · Horary Time · Horimea · Horizon · Horizontal Aspects · Horizontal Parallel · Horoscope · Hour Angle · Hours · Houses · Meaning of Houses · First House · Second House · Third House · Fourth House · Fifth House · Sixth House · Seventh House · Eighth House · Ninth House · Tenth House · Eleventh House · Twelfth House · Houses, Reciprocal Action of Opposite · Solar Houses · House Ruler · Intercepted House · House: Diurnal, or day; Nocturnal, or Night · Tables of Houses · Human Signs · Hyleg · Hylegiacal Places · Hypogeon

I

Ides · Period of Illumination · Immersion · Impeded; Impedited · Imperfect Signs, Broken Signs · Imum Coeli · Inclination · Inconjunct · Increasing in Light · Increasing in Motion · Individual Houses · Inferior Planets · Infortunes · Ingress · Initiating Signs · Initiative Type · Injunct · Inspirational Natures · Intellectual Natures · Interlunar · Intercepted · Interpolation · Interpretation · Invariable Plane · Inversion · Ishtar · Isis and Osiris · Issat

J

Joined to · Joy · Julian Calendar · Julian Day

K

Kabala · Kakatyche · Karma · Katababazon · Kether · Key-Cycle · Kosmos · Krishna · Kronos

L

Labha bhava · Lagna · Lagna Sphutas · Latitude · Laya Centers · Leap Year · Leo · Life · Light · Collector of Light · Light of time · Light Planets · Light, Velocity of · Light-year · Lights · Lilith · Local Mean Time · Logarithms · Longitude · Lord · Lucifer · Luminaries · Lunar · Lunar Declination · Lunar Mansions · Lunar Month · Lunar semicircle · Lunar Year · Lunation · Embolismic Lunation · Periodical Lunation · Synodical Lunation

M

Magic · Magnetism · Magnitude · Major Planets · Malefic · Mansions of the Moon · Map · Marduk, or Asaru · Mark, Noon or Midnight · Martian · Masculine Degrees · Masculine planets · Masculine Signs · Maternal Signs · Matutine, Matutinal · Maya · Mean Motion · Mean Time · Measure of Time · Medical Astrology · Medium Coeli · Mediumship · Medusa's Head · Meridian · Meridian Distance · Meridional · Mesmerism · Metonic Cycle · Metonic Return · Micron · Midheaven · Midpoint · Milky Way · Minute · Moderators · Modus Rationalis · Moisture · Monad · Month · Month · Motion · Movable Signs · Mundane Aspects · Mundane Astrology · Mundane Directions, or Directions in Mundo · Mundane Parallel, or Parallel in Mundo · Music of the Spheres · Mutable Signs · Mute Signs · Mutilated Degrees · Mutual Application · Mutual Reception

N

Nadir · Naibod's Table of Times · Natal Astrology · Native · Nativity · Natural Day · Nebo · Temple of Nebuchadnezzar · Nebulae · Negative Sign · Neomenium · Neptune · New Year's Day · Night Houses · Ninib · Moon's Nodes · Nodes of the Planets · Nomes · North Point · Northern Signs · Nova

O

Obeying Signs · Oblique Ascendant · Oblique Ascension · Oblique Descension · Oblique Sphere · Occidental or Oriental · Occultation · Occursions · Occursor · Old Style · Opposition · Omniverse · Orbit · Orbital revolution · Oriental · Orbs · Orphic Mysteries · Ortive Difference

P

Pantheism · Pantheon · Parallel · Pars fortunae; Part of Fortune · Partile · Passive · Pavanna · Penumbral Eclipse · Peregrine · Perigee · Perihelion · Periodical Lunation · Phase · Phases · Phenomenon · Philosophy · Philosopher's Stone · Phoenon · Pisces · Classifications of Planets · Planetary Ages of Man · Planetary Anatomy · Planetary Angels · Planetary Colors · Planetary Days · Planetary Flavors · Planetary Forms · Planetary Hours · Planetary Jewels, or Precious Stones · Planetary Metals · Planetary Motions · Planetary Objects and Substances · Planetary Pathology, or physical ailments · Planetary Pattern · Planetary Periods, or Cycles · Planetary Physiology · Planetary Physiques · Planetary Psychology · Planetary Significators · Planetary Significators - Horary · Planetary Significators - Mundane · Planetary Spirits · Planetary Vegetation and Herbs · Planetary Vocations and Avocations · Planetary Years · Platic · Pluto · Point of Life · Point of Love · Polar Elevation · Polarity · Pole - of the Ascendant; of the Horoscope · Ponderous, or Ponderable planets · Posited · Positive sign · Practical Natures · Precession of Equinox and Pole · Precession of the Equinoxes · Predictions, in Mundane Astrology · Predictive Astrology · Prenatal Epoch · Prescience · Primary Directions · Prime Vertical · Primum Mobile · Principal Places · Process · Profections · Prognosis · Progressed Horoscope · Progressions · Progressions vs. Directions · Progressive Solar Revolution · Prohibition · Promittor · Proper Motion · Prophecy · Proportional Arcs · Prorogator · Psychography · Psychometry · Psychophobia · Ptolemaic Astrology · Pyrois

Q

Quadrantine Lunation · Quadrants · Quadrate, or Quartile · Quadratures · Quadrupedal · Quadruplicity · Quartile · Querent · Quesited · Quincunx · Quintile

R

Radical · Radical Position · Radix · Radix System · Rahu · Rapt Motion · Rapt Parallel · Under the Rays · Reception · Mutual Reception · Recessional Directions · Rectification · Recurrence Cycles · Refranation · Relative Houses · Retrograde · Retrograde Application · Revolution · Revolutionary Additives · Right Ascension · Right Distance · Right Sphere · Rising Sign · How to Approximate the Rising Time of a Planet · Rotation · Royal Stars · Ruler · Geographical Rulership · Ruminant Signs

S

Sagittarius · Saros · Saturn chasing the Moon · Saturnine · Saturnalia · Satellite · Satellitium · Scorpio · Secondary Progressions · Seer · Semi-Arc · Semi-Quintil · Semicircle · Semi-sextile · Semi-square · Significators of the Senses · Separating, separation · Sesqui-quadrate · Sesquiquintile · Seven · Sexagenary · Sextile · Sextiles · Sidereal Clock · Sidereal Day · Sidereal Time · Sidereal Year · Sign · Signs and the Disciples · The Symbology of Twelve Signs · Sign: Aries · Sign: Taurus · Sign: Gemini · Sign: Cancer · Sign: Leo · Sign: Virgo · Sign: Libra · Sign: Scorpio · Sign: Sagittarius · Sign: Capricorn · Sign: Aquarius · Sign: Pisces · Classifications of Signs · Sympathetic · Significator · Sinister · Slow of Course · Sol · Solar Astrology · Solar Cycle, or Cycle of the Sun · Solar Day · Solar Equilibrium · Solar Revolution · Solar Semicircle · Solar System · Solar System bodies: Sun · Solar System Bodies: Moon · Solar System Bodies: Mercury · Solar System bodies: Venus · Solar System Bodies: Earth · Solar System Bodies: Mars · Solar System Bodies: Asteroids · Solar System Bodies: Jupiter · Solar System bodies: Saturn · Solar System Bodies: Uranus · Solar System bodies: Neptune · Solar System bodies: Pluto · Solar Time · Solar Year · SOL-om-on · Solomon's Seal · Solomon's Temple · Solstices · South Latitudes · Southern Signs · Spectroscope · Speculum · Sphere · Sphinx · Square · Standard Time · Star of Bethlehem · Stars · Stationary · Stations · Stellium · Strength of a planet · Succedent Houses · Sunspot Cycle · Supercycle · Superior Planets · Synodical Lunation · Synthesis · Syzygy

T

Tables of Houses · T-cross · Taurus · Telepathy · Telescope · Temporal Houses · The Terminal Houses · Terms of the planets · Testimony · Tetrabiblios · Tetractys - ten symbolic dots · Tetragon · Thema Coeli · Throne · Time · Time. Correction of Mean to Sidereal Time · Transit · Transit of a planet across the Sun · Transitor · Translation of Light · Transmutation · Trigon · Trigonocrators · Trimorion · Trine · Trinities · Triplicities · Tropical Signs · Tropical Year · True Solar Day · Trutine · Twilight

U

Umbral Eclipse · Under the Sunbeams · Unfortunate Signs · Urania · Uranian · Uranian Astrology · Uranus

V

Vernal Equinox · Vertical · Vespertine · Via Combusta · Vibrations · Violent Signs · Virgo · Visibility · Vital Signs · Vocal Signs · Signs of Voice · Void of Course · Vulcan

W

War Time · Watchers of the Heavens · Water-bearer, Waterman · Water Signs · Wave Length · Weak Signs · Whole Signs

Y

Year

Z

Zodiac · Zodiacal Aspects · Zodiacal Directions · Zodiacal metals · Zodiacal Parallels · "Zodiacus Vitae." The Zodiac of Life. · Zero Hour Circles · Zenith

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Month · Astrological definition of Month · Astrology Encyclopedia